This course entails an advanced study of the rules of law that govern the procedures by which authorities investigate, prosecute, and adjudicate crimes.

Dear Students,

You are welcome to this  module of Case Law of International Criminal Courts which is among the courses in the LL.M program at the School of Law of the University of Rwanda. It provides students with an in-depth knowledge on international crimes, the case law of international Criminal Courts, among other things. It also provides knowledge on the establishment of international criminal courts and tribunals, their jurisdictions and their relationship with national jurisdictions in the punishment of international crimes. 

Description and contents:

International Humanitarian Law (also referred to as Ius in Bello) continues to enjoy an overwhelming attention. Armed conflict continues to claim the loss of millions of human beings the world all over. Humanitarian Law rules exist with outstanding challenges for their execution. It is important that students understand both the material and procedural aspects of IHL.

This course of Transitional Justice systems covers right from the definition of Transitional Justice and its mechanisms because this is a module that is not taught in undergraduate; the students have to begin from the basics. Each mechanism is discussed generally but later will be put in the Rwandan context of the impact of the genocide against the Tutsi and how Rwanda has managed matters of unity and reconciliation especially basing on tradition based ways (such as Gacaca Courts)of implementing transitional justice mechanisms.

Apart from Rwandan context, international prosecutions are discussed basing on international tribunals such as International Criminal Court (ICC), ICTR, Nuremberg Tribunal, the Special Tribunal of Sierra Leone etc. In these discussions, some of the cases on international level are discussed (judgments and indicments where necessary).

The module of International Human Rights Law is among the core courses in the School of Law LL.M program of International Criminal Justice and the Law of Human Rights. In complementarity with other modules in the LL.M Program of the School of Law, this module provides both the theoretical framework and practical training skills and aptitudes necessary for students intending to apply international human rights law. It thus  discusses rules governing the International human rights system and how that system operates. 

Dear Students, 

You are the most welcome to the module of Case Law: UN and Regional Human Rights Systems. This is an elective/optional module in the Human Rights Law track. It is a complement to the compulsory module of International Human Rights Law as it looks at the practice of the latter. More specifically, on selective, basis the module examines the relevant decisions of UN and regional human rights bodies and/or courts on some crucial human rights aspects. It draws a comparative analysis of those selected decisions from selected bodies/courts. In short, the module is about international human rights case law analysis. 


Dr. Yves Muhire        Tel. +250 788404023            Email: