The great advantage of geophysics to the geology and mining sector is that it can be used to make a measurement taken at the surface. In fact, geophysics is the only branch of the earth sciences that can truly look into the Earth’s interior, that is remotely detect the presence of buried bodies and structures. In contrast, geology can only infer them. For example are there at depth unsuspected structures such as faults, intrusion, salt domes, mineral deposits, oil and gas reservoirs, all of them can be detected by appropriate geophysical measurement at the surface. Therefore, geophysics is able to add the third dimension, depth, in a way that traditional geologist often cannot. etc..
Summary of the Course
1. Brief description of aims and content
The module aims to use the geologic properties of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks, in groundwater research and exploitation and familiarize with groundwater modelling.
2. Learning Outcomes
On completion of this module, students should be able to:
· Understand aquifers, their classification, storage and boundary concepts;
· Determine groundwater flow using Darcy’s law
· Establish groundwater water quality criteria/requirements
· Conduct a comprehensive pumping test
· Determine the recharge and discharge aquifer zone
· Prepare, process, interpret and present data using appropriate qualitative and quantitative methods.
· Solve numerical problems using computer or non-computer techniques.
· develop hydrogeological conceptual models.
· use groundwater modelling software such as MODFLOW 2000
· plan and interpret aquifer characterisation studies
- Teacher: Gerard Ndikumana